Section C Compound Dictation
Throughout history the basic unit of almost every human society has been the family. Members of a family live together under the same roof, and they share the economic (36) ______ of life as well as its affectionate joys. It is the family that has (37) ______ responsibility for the important task of raising children to adulthood.
The family is not a uniform concept in all societies. In many places it is an (38) ______ group that includes uncles, aunts, (39) ______ and in-laws. The head of the family usually has considerable influence in arranging marriages, selecting careers and (40) ______ all the important moves and (41) ______ by any member of the family. (42) ______ where the society or the state does not give aid and where (43) ______ the responsibilities of the family are greater, (44) _______________________________________________________ .
In many other societies, including most industrialized ones, the “nuclear family” is the basic social unit. (45) _____________________________________________________________________ . Industrialization and urbanization create many specialized jobs which tend to scatter family members among different employers and thus to separate residences as soon as they become wage earners. (46) _______________________________________________________________ .
解析：根据并列结构，此处仍然需要副词。consequently ad. 从而，因此。
44. 标准答案：this larger group provides better protection in times of economic crises or other emergencies
听音关键：large group, better protection, in crises/emergencies
答案重构：(1) this large group provides better protection in (case of) economic crises or other emergencies
(2) the extended group provides better protection when facing economic crises or other emergencies
画龙点睛：此句注意两处比较级、主谓一致、crisis的复数形式crises；emergencies不要漏掉i。此处的larger group就是前文提到的extended group。
45. 标准答案：This term refers to a husband and wife united through marriage and their dependent children, whether natural or adopted
听音关键：term, husband, wife, their dependent children, natural or adopted
答案重构：A nuclear family involves a husband and wife and their natural or adopted children, who depend on them
画龙点睛：这句话是在解释前面的术语，注意下定义的常用短语refer to。若照原文听写，united为过去分词作后置定语，不可漏掉d；whether natural or adopted补充说明孩子的身份。改写的目的往往是为了避免照搬复杂原文时出错，如果能够保证不出错，其实不一定非要改写。
46. 标准答案：The small family, with one or perhaps two incomes, is better able to adapt to rapid change and to move when jobs move
听音关键：small family, two incomes, better, adapt to rapid change, move
答案重构：With one or two incomes, it’s easier for the small family to adapt to rapid change and job transfer
画龙点睛：先抓主系表，再补充with短语表达的信息。注意比较结构、be able to后面两个并列动词adapt, move。掌握with短语作定语，对于听力和写作都有帮助。