A) It will mainly benefit the wealthy.

B) It will stimulate business activities.

C) It will reduce government revenues.

D) It will cut the stockholders' dividends.

A) She doesn't think much of job-hopping.

B) She will stick to the job if the pay is good.

C) She prefers alife of continued exploration.

D) She will do her best if the job is worth doing.

A) Talk the drug user out of the habit.

B) Stop thinking about the matter.

C) Keep his distance from drug addicts.

D) Be more friendly to his schoolmate.

A) The son.

B) Aunt Louise.

C) The father.

D) The mother.

A) Move to anotherplace.

B) Stay away for acouple of weeks.

C) Check the locks

D) Look after the Johnsons'house.

A) He didn't wantto miss the game.

B) He would liketo warm up for the game.

C) He didn't wantto be held up in traffic.

D) He wanted tocatch as many game birds as possible.

A) It was burneddown.

B) It was closeddown.

C) It was robbed.

D) It was blownup.

A) She studies inthe same school as her brother.

B) She isn't goingto work in her brother's firm.

C) She isn't goingto change her major.

D)She plans to major in tax law.
Questions 19 to 21 are based onthe conversation you have just heard.

A) Current issues in economics.

B) Choices facedby conservationists.

C) A recent biology lecture.

D) Topics for a research paper.

A) A scarcity ofjobs in their field.

B) Inadequate training in methods of biological research.

C) Difficulties in classifying all of the varieties of owls.

D) A lack offunding for their work with endangered species.

A) It has numerous traits in common with the spotted owl.

B) Its populationis increasing in recent years.

C) It may notsurvive without special efforts of conservationists.

D)Its role in the chain of evolution has not yet been examined.

Questions 22 to 25 are based onthe conversation you have just heard.

A) Training given to music therapists.

B) How music prevents disease.

C) Studies on thebenefits of music.

D) How musicians create music.

A) In place of physical therapy.

B) To control brain problems.

C) To prevent heart disease.

D) To relieve depression.

A) They like tohave music in the operating room.

B) They solved problems better while listening to music they liked.

C) They preferredclassical music.

D) They performedbetter when they used headphones.

A) It increased the students' white blood cell.

B) It increased some students' energy level.

C) It improved thestudents' ability to play musical instruments.

D) It released anatural painkiller in some students' bodies.
Section B

Passage One

Questions 26 to 29 are based onthe passage you have just heard.

A) She was boredwith her idle life at home.

B) She was offereda good job by her neighbour.

C) She wanted tohelp with the family's finances.

D) Her familywould like to see her more involved in social life.

A) Doinghousework.

B) Looking afterher neighbour's children.

C) Reading papersand watching TV.

D) Taking goodcare of her husband.

A) Jane got angryat Bill's idle life.

B) Bill failed toadapt to the new situation.

C) Bill blamedJane for neglecting the family.

D) The childrenwere not taken good care of.

A) Neighboursshould help each other.

B) Women shouldhave their own careers.

C) Man and wifeshould share household duties.

D) Parents shouldtake good care of their children.
Passage Two

Questions 30 to 32 are based onthe passage you have just heard.

A) To predictnatural disasters that can cause vast destruction.

B) To limit thedestruction that natural disasters may cause.

C) To gainfinancial support from the United Nations.

D) To proposemeasures to hold back natural disasters.

A) There is stilla long way to go before man can control natural disasters.

B) Internationalcooperation can minimize the destructive force of natural disasters.

C) Technology canhelp reduce the damage natural disasters may cause.

D) Scientists cansuccessfully predict earthquakes.

A) There werefatal mistakes in its design.

B) The builderdidn't observe the building codes of the time.

C) The trafficload went beyond its capacity.

D) It was builtaccording to less strict earthquake resistance standards.
Passage Three

Questions 33 to 35 are based onthe passage you have just heard.

A) By judging towhat extent they can eliminate the risks.

B) By estimatingthe possible loss of lives and property.

C) By estimatingthe frequency of volcanic eruptions.

D) By judging thepossible risks against the likely benefits.

A) One of Etna'srecent eruptions made many people move away.

B) Etna's frequenteruptions have ruined most of the local farmland.

C) Etna'seruptions are frequent but usually mild.

D) There are signsthat Etna will erupt again in the near future.

A) They willremain where they are.

B) They will leavethis area forever.

C) They will turnto experts for advice.

D) They will seekshelter in nearby regions.
Section C
Certain phrasesone commonly hears among Americans capture their devotion to individualism:"Do your own thing." "I did it my way." "You'll haveto decide that for yourself." "You made your bed, now (36) _______ init." "If you don't look out for yourself, no one else will.""Look out for number one."

Closely (37)_______ with the value they place on individualism is the importance Americans(38) _______ to privacy. Americans assume that people "need some time tothemselves" or "some time alone" to think about things orrecover their (39) _______ psychological energy. Americans have great (40)_______ understanding foreigners who always want to be with another person, who(41) _______ being alone.

If the parents can(42) _______ it, each child will have his or her own bedroom. Having one's ownbedroom, even as an (43) _______, fixes in a person the notion that (44)_____________________. She will have her clothes, her toys, her books, and soon. These things will be hers and no one else's.

Americans assumethat (45) _____________________. Doctors, lawyers, psychiatrists, and othershave rules governing "confidentiality" that are intended to preventinformation about their clients' personal situations from becoming known toothers.

Americans'attitudes about privacy can be hard for foreigners to understand. (46)_____________________. When those boundaries arc crossed, an American's bodywill visibly stiffen and his manner will become cool and aloof.



M: What do you think of the government'snew tax cut proposal?

W:Though it may give some benefit to thepoor,tis key component is the elimination of tax on dividends.That means therich will get richer.

Q:What does the woman think about thegovernment'stax cut propsal?


M:Jenny, remember this:a job worth doing atall is worth doing well.

W:Oh,yes,I certainly won't forget it.Butdon't expect me to stick to the job just because ti pays a few more bucks.A lifeof continuous exploration is a life worth living.

Q:What can be inferred about the woman fromthe conversation?


M: I found that one of my schoolmates usesdrugs.How can I help him,Mom?

W:Stay away from him, son.Never think thatyou can talk him out of the habit if he is addicted.Bperhaps you can talk toyour teacher about the matter.

Q:What's the woman'sadvice to her son?


W:I don't know how you can eat so much yetnever put on any weight,son.Your father's got thesame luck.I can't take a bite withoutcalculating how many calories I am taking.

M:but remember Aunt louise, Mom?She ate alot and never gained a pound.

Q:Who is worried abort qaining weight?


W:Did you turn off the lights and check thelocks on all the doors?

M:Yes, I told the Johnsons that we'd begone for two weeks.They promise to keep an eye on the house for us.

Q:What are the two speakers going to do?


M:Hurry up,Linda!I hear that there are notmany tickets left for the football match.

W:I an ready now, let’s go.It is the earlybird that catches the worm.

Q:Why did the man ask the woman to hurryup?


W:Did you hear that the convenience storenext to the gas station was held up last night?

M:Yes, I heard it on the radio thismorning.

Q:What happened to the convenience store?


M:Congratulations!I just heard about youracceptance in the law school. Do you think you would join your brother's firmafter graduation?

W:Not likely. He is a tax lawyer, and I amgoing to major in criminal law.

Q:Whatdoes the woman mean?
Conversation One

W: Hi, Bill, how is it going?

M: Oh, hi, Jane. I’m OK. How about you?

W: You can probably tell just by looking atme. I’m really busy. Hey, what are you reading?

M: A pretty interesting article. My biologyprofessor assigned it, and I thought I just looked it over. But I got reallyinvolved in it. It’s about endangered species.

W: That sounds pretty interesting. I’mgetting frustrated with the two research papers I’m struggling with. And canyou believe they are both due on the same day?

M: That’s tough.

W: I’ll get through it. So what’s this youare reading?

M: Well, it’s basically about the choicesconservationists are faced with. You know, these days when funding is so hardto come by.

W: Wait a minute. Is the focus on biologyor economics?

M: Both. Conservationists don’t have enoughfunding to save every endangered species in the world, so they have to decidebased on what would be lost if a species became extinct.

W: Can you give me an example of what youmean?

M: Take for instance, two animals, thespotted owl and the tailed toad. The article says the toad is unique. It has norelatives. But there are a lot of varieties of owls.

W: So, if that toad became extinct, we’dlose an important link in the chain of evolution, right?

M: Exactly. But that isn’t so for the owl.So for conservationists, it might be a clear choice of which animal to save.

W: I see. I am glad I don’t have to makethat kind of decision. Aren’t you?

Questions 19 to 21 are based on theconversation you have just heard.

19. What are the speakers mainlydiscussing?

20. What problems do conservationists have?

21. What can be inferred about the tailedtoad?
Conversation Two

M: Good evening, dear audience. I’m glad tocontinue the topic about music. It is common knowledge that music can have apowerful effect on our emotions. In fact, since 1930s, music therapists haverelied on music to soothe patients and help control pain. Now psychologists areconfirming that music can also help relieve depression and improveconcentration.

W: That’s nice. Do they have any concreteexamples?

M: For instance, in a recent study, 15surgeons were given some highly stressed math problems to solve. They weredivided into three groups: one worked in silence; and in another, the surgeonslistened to music of their choice on headphones; the third listened to classicmusic chosen by the researchers.

W: What’re the results?

M: The results of the study may surpriseyou. The doctors who got to choose their music experienced less stress andscored better than the others.

W: That is surprising. How to explain this?

M: One possible explanation is thatlistening to music you like stimulates the Alfa-wave in the brain, increasesthe heart rate and expands the breathing. That helps to reduce stress andsharpen concentration.

W: Is there any other research?

M: Yes. Other research suggests a secondrelation between the music and the brain: by examining the students’ bloodafter listening to a variety of classical music collections, the researchersfound that some students showed a large increase in a chemical substance, anatural pain reliever, in their blood, which can help soothe the patient.

W: Well, thank you so much for being withus today and having us know about another function of music.

Questions 22 to 25 are based on theconversation you have just heard.

22. What is the talk mainly about?

23. According to the speaker, how is themusic therapy currently used in medicine?

24. What did the study done with surgeonshow?

25.What effect did music have in the study of students exposed to classical music?
Passage One

JeanBrown has been married for 12 years. She has 3 children, and lives in thesuburb outside Columbus, Ohio. When her youngest child reached school age, Jeandecided to go back to work. She felt that she should contribute to thehousehold finances. Her salary can make a difference between the financialstruggles and secure financial situation for her family. Jean also felt boredand frustrated in her role as a homemaker and wanted to be more involved inlife outside her home. Jean was worried about her children’s adjustment to thisnew situation. But she arranged for them to go stay with the woman nearby afterschool each afternoon. They seem to be happy with the arrangement. The problemseems to be between Jean and her husband, Bill. When Jean was at home all day,she was able to clean the house, go grocery shopping, wash the clothes, takecare of the children and cook 2 or 3 meals each day. She was very busy ofcourse. But she succeeded in getting everything done. Now the same things needto be done, but Jean has only evenings and early mornings to do them. Both Jeanand Bill are tired when they arrive home at 6 P.M. Bill is accustomed tositting down and reading the paper or watching TV until dinner is ready. Thisis exactly what Jean feels like doing. But someone has to fix the dinner andBill expects it to be Jean. Jean has become very angry at Bill’s attitude. Shefeels that they should share the household jobs. But Bill feels that everythingshould be the same as it was before Jean went back to work.

Questions 26 to 29 are based onthe passage you have just heard.

26. Why did Jean want to go back to work?

27. How did Jean spend her days before shewent back to work?

28. What problem arose when Jean went backto work?

29.What does the story try to tell us?
Passage Two

Thedecade for natural disaster reduction is a program designed to reduce theimpact of natural disasters throughout the world. With support from the UnitedNations, countries will be encouraged to share information about disasterreduction. For instance, information about how to plan for and cope withhurricanes, earthquakes and other natural disasters. One of the most importantthings the program plans to do is to remind us of what we can do to protectourselves. For example, we can pack a suitcase with flashlights, a radio, food,drinking water and some tools. This safety may help us survive a disaster untilhelp arrives. Besides, the program will encourage governments to establishbuilding standards, emergency response plans, and training programs, Thesemeasures can help to limit the destruction by natural disasters. The comparativelymild effects of the northern California earthquake in 1989 are good evidencethat we do have the technology to prevent vast destruction. The recentdisasters, on the other hand, prove that people will suffer if we don’t usethat technology. When a highway collapsed in northern California, people werekilled in their cars. The highway was not built according to today’s strictstandards to resist earthquakes. Individuals and governments have to befar-sighted. We should take extra time and spend extra money to build disastersafety into our lives. Although such a program can’t hold back the winds orstop earthquakes, they can save people’s lives and homes.

Questions 30 to 32 are based onthe passage you have just heard.

30. What is the purpose of the programmentioned in this passage?

31. What can we learn from the northern California earthquake in1989?

32. Why did the highway in northern California collapse?
Passage Three

Livingat the foot of one of the world’s most active volcanoes might not appeal to youat all. But believe it or not, the area surrounding Mount Etna in Italy ispacked with people. In fact, it is the most densely populated region on thewhole island of Sicily. The reason is that rich volcanic soil makes the landfantastic for forming. By growing and selling a variety of crops, local people earna good living. For them, the economic benefit they reap surpasses the risk ofdying or losing property in one of the volcano’s frequent eruptions. Peopleeverywhere make decisions about risky situations this way. That is, bycomparing the risks and the benefits. According to the experts, the side of therisk depends on both its probability and seriousness. Let’s take Mount Etna forexample. It does erupt frequently, but those eruptions are usually minor. Sothe overall risk for people living nearby is relatively small. But supposeMount Etna erupted everyday, or imagine that each eruption there killsthousands of people. If that were the case, the risk would be much larger.Indeed, the risk would be too large for many people to live with. And they wouldhave to move away.

Questions 33 to 35 are based onthe passage you have just heard.

33. How do people make decisions aboutrisky situations?

34. What do we know about Mount Etna from the passage?

35. What will people living near Mount Etna do in the face of itseruptions?
  Certain phrases one commonly hears amongAmericans capture their devotion to individualism." Do you ownthing?" "I did it my way." "You’ll have to decide that foryourself?" "You made your bed, now lie in it." "If youdon't look out for yourself, no one else will." "Look out for numberone."

Closely associated with the value theyplace on individualism, is the importance American's assign to privacy. Americansassume that people need some time to themselves or some time alone to thinkabout things or to recover their spent psychological energy. Americans havegreat difficulty understanding foreigners who always want to be with anotherperson who dislike being alone.

If the parents can afford it, each childwill have his or her own bedroom. Having one's own bedroom even as an infant,fixes in a person the notion that she is entitled to a place of her own whereshe can be by herself, and keep her possessions. She will have her clothes, hertoys, her books, and so on .These things will be hers, no one else's.

Americans assume that people will havetheir private thoughts that might never be shared with anyone. Doctors,lawyers, psychologists and others have rules governing confidentiality that areintended to prevent information about their clients' personal situations frombeing known to others .

American's attitudes about privacy can behard for foreigners to understand. American's houses, yards and even theiroffices can seem open and inviting. Yet, in the minds of Americans, there areboundaries that other people are simply not supposed to cross. When thoseboundaries are crossed, an American's body will visibly stiffen and his mannerwill be cool and aloof.



11-15 ACCDB

16-20 ACBBD

21-25 CCDBD

26-30 CABCB

31-35 CDDCA

36. lie

37. associated

38. assign

39. spent

40. difficulty

41. dislike

42. afford

43. infant

44. she isentitled to a place of her own where she can be by herself, and keep herpossessions

45. people willhave their private thoughts that might never be shared with anyone

46.Americans' houses, yards, and even their offices can seem open and inviting.Yet in the minds of Americans, there are boundaries that other people aresimply not supposed to cross