学习视频

 

 

一、听力mp3

(请同学们先听一边课文听力,再逐次查看课文与翻译内容。)
 

 

 
1.课文
What’s the matter, children?
We are tired and thirsty, Mum.
Sit down here.
Are you all right now?
No, we aren’t.
Look!
There’s an ice cream man.
Two ice creams please.
Here you are, children.
Thanks, Mum.
These ice creams are nice.
Are you all right now?
Yes, we are, thank you.
 
2.翻译
母 亲: 怎么啦,孩子们?
女 孩: 我们累了……
男 孩: ……口也渴,妈妈。
母 亲: 坐在这儿吧。
母 亲: 你们现在好些了吗?
男 孩: 不, 还没有。
母 亲: 瞧!有个卖冰淇淋的。
母 亲: 请拿两份冰淇淋。
母 亲: 拿着,孩子们。
孩子们: 谢谢,妈妈。
女 孩: 这些冰淇淋真好吃。
母 亲: 你们现在好了吗?
孩子们: 是的,现在好了,谢谢您!

二、课文精讲

(课文精讲根据顺序分析课文重点)
 
1.What's the matter?怎么啦?
相当于 What's wrong?或 Tell me what's wrong。这个句型通常用来询问发生了什么事。假如要特别提及某人,可以在后面加上介词with,如:
What's the matter with you?
你怎么啦?
What's the matter with Claire?
克莱尔怎么啦?
2.Mum,儿语中小孩子对母亲的称呼。
与此相似,dad是对父亲的儿语称呼。
3.There's = There is。
它表示"有"、"存在",为 there + be结构的一般现在时缩略形式。
4.Two ice creams please.请拿两份冰淇淋。
相当于 Give us two ice creams,please。请参见 Lessons 3~4课文注释。ice cream是物质名词。物质名词前加不定冠词 a或基数词表示一种、一份、一客、一类、一阵等。

三、单词学习

(提示:n.名词、adj.形容词、vi.不及物动词、vt.及物动词、adv.副词、prep.介词、pron.代词、int.感叹词、num.数词、abbr.短语缩写)
 
matter  ['mætər] 
n. 事情
children  ['tʃɪldrən] 
n. 孩子们(child的复数)
tired  ['taɪəd] 
adj. 累,疲乏
boy  [bɔɪ] 
n. 男孩
thirsty  ['θɜ:stɪ] 
adj. 渴
Mum  [mum] 
n. 妈妈(儿语)
sit down  [sit daun] 
坐下
right  [raɪt] 
adj. 好,可以
ice cream  [aɪs kri:m] 
冰淇淋
 

四、重点难点

(重点难点包括语法、短语固定搭配、习惯用语等内容)
 
1.there +be结构(1)
在说明或询问人、物等的存在时即可使用there +be结构。说There's an ice cream man比说An ice cream man is there更合乎习惯,也更为自然。there +be结构可将重要的新信息置于句末,以示强调。此结构中的实际主语是be后面的名词。因此,假如该名词是单数就用is,如是复数则为are。
2.人称代词与be
英文中系动词be(是)必须根据不同的人称代词作相应的变化。请参见Lessons15~16语法部分中有关be的一般现在时形式的内容,包括某些缩略形式,如:they are not =they aren't =they're not,we are not = we aren't =we're not。

五、lesson 20 练习答案

(习题课答案)
1 Those children are tired.
2 Their mother is tired, too.
3 That ice cream man is very busy.
4 His ice creams are very nice.
5 What's the matter, children? We are thirsty.
6 What's the matter, Tim? I am tired.
Answers
B
1 Are the children tired or thirsty? They're not tired. They're thirsty.
2 Are the postmen cold or hot? They're not cold. They're hot.
3 Are the hairdressers thin or fat? They're not thin. They're fat.
4 Are the shoes small or big? They're not small. They're big.
5 Are the shops shut or open? They're not shut. They're open.
6 Are his cases heavy or light? They're not heavy. They're light.
7 Are grandmother and grandfather young or old? They're not young. They're old.
8 Are their hats old or new? They're not old. They're new.
9 Are the policemen short or tall? They're not short. They're tall.
10 Are his trousers short or long? They're not short. They're long.