新概念第三册2:Thirteen equals one

新概念第三册2
 

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一、听力mp3

(请同学们先听一边课文听力,再逐次查看课文与翻译内容。)
 

 

 

1.课文
Our vicar is always raising money for one cause or another, but he has never managed to get enough money to have the church clock repaired. The big clock which used to strike the hours day and night was damaged many years ago and has been silent ever since.
One night, however, our vicar woke up with a start: the clock was striking the hours! Looking at his watch, he saw that it was one o’clock, but the bell struck thirteen times before it stopped. Armed with a torch, the vicar went up into the clock tower to see what was going on. In the torchlight, he caught sight of a figure whom he immediately recognized as Bill Wilkins, our local grocer.
‘Whatever are you doing up here Bill?’ asked the vicar in surprise.
‘I’m trying to repair the bell,’ answered Bill. ‘I’ve been coming up here night after night for weeks now. You see, I was hoping to give you a surprise.’
‘You certainly did give me a surprise!’ said the vicar. ‘You’ve probably woken up everyone in the village as well. Still, I’m glad the bell is working again.’
That’s the trouble, vicar,’ answered Bill. ‘It’s working all right, but I’m afraid that at one o’clock it will strike thirteen times and there’s nothing I can do about it.”
We’ll get used to that, Bill,’ said the vicar. “Thirteen is not as good as one, but it’s better than nothing. Now let’s go downstairs and have a cup of tea.’
 
2.翻译
我们教区的牧师总是为各种各样的事筹集资金。但始终未能筹足资金把教堂的钟修好。教堂的钟很大,以前不分昼夜打点报时,但很多年前遭到毁坏,从此便无声无息了。
一天夜里,我们的牧师突然被惊醒了,大钟又在“打点”报时了!他一看表,才1点钟,可是那钟一边敲了13下才停。牧师拿着一支电筒走上钟楼想去看看究竟发生了什么事情。借着电筒光。他看见一个人,马上认出那是本地杂货店主比尔.威尔金斯。
“你究竟在这上面干什么,比尔?”牧师惊讶地问。
“我想把这口钟修好,”比尔回答说。“好几个星期了,我天天夜里到钟楼上来。嗯,我是想让你大吃一惊。”
“你确实使我大吃了一惊!”牧师说,“也许同时你把村里所有的人都吵醒了。不过,钟又能报时了,我还是很高兴的。”
“问题就在这里,牧师,”比尔回答说。“不错,钟能报时了,但是,恐怕每到1点钟,它总要敲13下,对此我已无能为力了。”
“大家慢慢就习惯了,比尔,”牧师说。“13下是不如1下好,但总比1下也不敲强。来,咱们下楼去喝杯茶吧。”

二、课文精讲

(课文精讲根据顺序分析课文重点)
 
现在进行时和always等频度副词的搭配——表示说话人带有的情感色彩
Tome is always doing homework.
Tom always does his homework.
He is always making noises.
one or another: 表示某种,这样或那样
I have to get enough money to have my house repaired
have the church clock repaired——have something done
找某人来做某事
have the plane repaired have hair cut
某人所遭受到的意外某种情况——主语必须是发出动作的人
His wallet was stolen. He had his wallet stolen.
used to:过去常常做,而现在不再发生的事情了
He used to smoke every day.
however——用于口语,主要用于句首,作文中,最好用在句中、句尾,
要用逗号分隔开来
He said that it was so
,he was mistaken,however
He said that it was so,however,he was mistaken.
I know his story,however,I wouldn’t like to tell you.
I know his story,I,however,wouldn’t like to tell you
nevertheless nonetheless
start: 惊跳,惊奇
before:…才
Armed with a torch…
现在分词和过去分词的用法 looking
分词做状语/定语的时候,一定要注意它和逻辑主语要呼应一致
in the torchlight
非正式用语中whom可以省略掉
recognized somebody as: 认出某人是
regard somebody as,think of somebody as,treat somebody as
have on somebody as
whatever: ever用来加强语气
night after night: 一夜连着一夜
day after day year after year
week after week bus after bus
did 肯定句中常用do,did,does加强语气和情感色彩,一定要位于动词原形之前
as well 用在句尾相当于to,主要用于肯定句中,但比to所表达的语意更优秀 stil用于句首,用逗号分隔开来——表达一个转折的关系:虽然如此,但是
get used to,be used to,be accustomed to,get accustomed to 都表示习惯于 get强调渐近的过程, be强调习惯了的状态

三、单词学习

1、提示:n.名词、adj.形容词、vi.不及物动词、vt.及物动词、adv.副词、prep.介词、pron.代词、int.感叹词、num.数词、abbr.短语缩写
2、双击或选中某个单词可划词查字典,如下图:(手机端无法使用此功能)

划词工具示意图

划词工具示意图

3、单词列表:
equal
v.等于
vicar
n.牧师
raise
v.募集,筹(款)
torchlight
n.电筒光
 

四、重点难点

(重点难点包括语法、短语固定搭配、习惯用语等内容)
 
in prep. 表达惊奇、恐惧、失望或生气等感情色彩的名词搭配连用在句中起状语作用
in surprise;in astonishment;in alarm;in embarrassment
in amazement;in despair;in dismay; in anger; in disappointment
in prep. 表示以、用;用于语言,书写材料,色彩或声音等方面
in English; in pencil; in ink; in a few words;
in such a hight voice; in oil; in red; in code
in 表示状态、情况或处境
in trouble; in difficulty; in bed; in a hurry; in debt;
in love with sb. in tears; in good order; in good repair;
in good health ;in poor health; in the bad mood; in the good mood;
in haste; in a favor of excitement; in poverty; in luxury
Use a phrase with n in place of the words in italics.
very quickly –in a hurry
eventually —in the end
be seen — in sight
with a pen/with a pencil — in ink/in pencil
which they share — in common
crying — tears
 

五、课后练习答案

Multiple choice questions 多项选择
1. D
in order adv.整齐, 状况良好, 适宜
out of order adv.次序颠倒, 不整齐, 状态不好 (= was damaged)
2. B 
3. C
为…表示感谢:be grateful for/ be thankful for…
不辞辛劳地做某事:take the trouble to do sth.
4.B
in the past 是过去时态的标志;always用在实意动词之前  
5.D
stroke n.击, 敲, 报时的钟声
强调句式结构:It was not until…that…直到…才…
  – It was not until midnight that snow stopped. —直到半夜, 雪才停了。
  
6.B
宾语从句的语序是陈述句语序
  
7.C
Mend vt.修理, 修补
突出结果或者对现在的影响, 用现在完成时
  
8.A
get used to doing 表示习惯于 (to是介词)
  
9.B
fund 基金;
cash 现金;
scholarship 奖学金;
investment 投资;
  
10.A
run a shop 经营商店
  
11. A
night after night = every night .





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