学习视频

(新概念系列英语学习视频由本站整理分享,仅供参考)

(手机端无法播放视频,请从PC上浏览)

一、听力mp3

(请同学们先听一边课文听力,再逐次查看课文与翻译内容。)
 

 
1.课文
We have an old musical instrument. It is called a clavichord. It was made in Germany in 1681. Our clavichord is kept in the living-room. It has belonged to our family for a long time. The instrument was bought by my grandfather many years ago. Recently it was damaged by a visitor. She tried to play jazz on it! She struck the keys too hard and two of the strings were broken. My father was shocked. Now we are not allowed to touch it. It is being repaired by a friend of my father's.
 
2.翻译
我们有一件古老的乐器,叫击弦古钢琴.它是1681年德国制造的, 我们这架钢琴放在客厅里.我们家拥有它很长时间了,这件乐器是许多年前我祖父买来的.最近它被一位客人弄坏了,她用它弹奏爵士乐! 她按键太猛,把两根弦按断了.我父亲为之震怒. 现在他不允许我们再碰它.父亲的一位朋友正在修理这件古老的乐器.

二、课文精讲

(课文精讲根据顺序分析课文重点)
 
be done
call sb.sth.
sb.be called
be made
be made in +地点
be made of/be made from(看不出原料/多种原料):由……制造(材料)
The ring is made of gold.
It is made from plastic.
be made into:被……制成
The gold is made into a ring.
is done:被动语态的一般现在时
was done:被动语态的一般过去时
使用那一个不取决于动词,而取决于该句话的时态
只要见到ago,一定使用过去时
主动语态的主语变到被动语态中要在前面加by
play: 1.跟球类连用,直接+球类;2.跟乐器连用,+the+乐器
play music on + 乐器
hard: 修饰动作程度的重和深
汉语中习惯用主动形式,英语中习惯用被动形式
be+动词的ing形式:进行时态
be+done: 被动语态
be being done:被动语态的现在进行时
be动词有多少种时态,被动语态就有多少种
have been done
will be done
can be done
had been done
is/am/are/was/were/ done
I will make a cake./Tomorrow the cake will be made.
The cake has been made.
The cake was made.
The cake had been made.
强调对象是人用主动,强调对象是物用被动,被强调的部分永远做主语
双重所有格/双重属格:名词+of+名词所有格(名词性的物主代词)
只有一张照片 my photo
很多照片中的一张 a photo of mine
It happened to a friend of mine.

三、单词学习

1、提示:n.名词、adj.形容词、vi.不及物动词、vt.及物动词、adv.副词、prep.介词、pron.代词、int.感叹词、num.数词、abbr.短语缩写
2、双击或选中某个单词可划词查字典,如下图:(手机端无法使用此功能)

划词工具示意图

划词工具示意图

3、单词列表:
jazz n.爵士音乐
musical a.音乐的
instrument n.器具
call vt.叫做
clavichord n.击弦古钢琴
Germany n.德国
keep vt.保存
living-room n.客厅
belong vi.属于
recently ad.最近
damage vt.损坏
play vt.弹奏
key n.琴键
strike vt.敲
hard ad.重重地
string n.弦
break vt.弄断
shock vt.震惊
touch vt.碰
allow vt.允许
repair vt.修理

 

四、重点难点

(重点难点包括语法、短语固定搭配、习惯用语等内容)
 
1.在前10课的语法中,我们比较了一般过去时、一般现在时、现在完成时、现在进行时和过去进行时等时态以及和它们相关的时间状语,另外还学习了被动语态。现在我们通过例句简要回顾一下所学过的内容:
2.动词+名词/代词+ 带to 的不定式
某些动词之后的带to的不定式之前可以有一个名词或代词。有些动词后的名词/代词可有可无,但有和没有经常影响整个句子的意义:
I want to speak to John.
我想和约翰谈话。(=I will speak.)
I want you to speak to John.
我希望你和约翰谈谈。(=You will speak.)
但是,还有一些动词后面用不定式作宾语时,其后通常必须有一名词或代词。这类动词有:allow, advise, help, teach, tell, request等等。这类动词不但可用于主动语态,也可用于被动语态:
Mr. Turner did not allow us to see the picture.
特纳先生没让我们看那幅画。
We were not allowed to see the picture.
人们不许我们看那幅画。
He taught me to paint.
他教我绘画。
Jane helped Julie to cook the meal.
简帮着朱莉做饭。

 

五、练习答案

(习题课答案)
1.关键句型练习答案
A a he is now working (1.2)
b he gets (1.3); he always borrows (1.3); never pays it back (1.4)
c came in…worked (11.2-2); Tony saw (1.4); came and sat (1.4); I asked him (1.6); he gave me (1.7); Tony said (1.8)
d He has never borrowed (1.5); I have never borrowed (1.7)
e I was having (1.1); he was eating (1.6)
C 1 gets…got
2 have not had
3 was writing…talked/ were talking
4 am typing
5 passed/ were passing
D The Taj Mahal was built…after he became/ had become ruler, his wife…died. The Taj Mahal was built in her honour. Experts were called in…The Taj Mahal, which was begun in 1632 and (was) completed in 1654, cost a fortune…it has been visited by…
2.难点练习答案
a
A 1 The officer ordered the men to fire at the enemy.
2 He wants his wife to wear this dress.
3 She wants us to explain it.
4 I cannot allow him to enter the room.
B (sample sentences)
1 He asked me to help him.
2 We preferred her to stay at home.
3 He taught me to speak English.
4 My mother wished me to collect the laundry.
5 Do you want her to visit you?
b
1 salary 2 lent…salary/ wages 3 borrowed 4 wages 5 wages
3.多项选择题答案
1 b 2 b 3 b 4 a 5 b 6 c
7 c 8 a 9 c 10 c 11b 12 d